Spread of necrotic and non-necrotic strains of Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) was compared when aphid vectors moved both types from external or internal virus sources to plots of Lupinus spp. (lupin). Regardless of whether virus sources were internal or external, removed or left in place, and spread was within plots with homologous sources or across buffers to plots containing the opposite type of virus source, non-necrotic BYMV always spread faster than necrotic BYMV in plots of L. angustifolius (narrow-leafed lupin). When necrotic BYMV spread from external sources into plots sown with two L. angustifolius genotypes differing in their necrosis responses to different BYMV strain groups and one genotype of L. luteus (yellow lupin) giving only non-necrotic responses, differing symptom reactions in the two L. angustifolius genotypes revealed presence of two distinct necrotic BYMV strain groups and overall virus spread was greater in this species than in L. luteus. Spread of non-necrotic BYMV in L. angustifolius was always polycyclic in nature. However, when it came initially from external sources, spread of necrotic BYMV was largely monocyclic. This work demonstrates how temporal virus spread can be diminished when hypersensitive (necrotic) resistance is deployed and the limitations associated with employing hypersensitivity that is strain specific.
|Journal||Annals of Applied Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|