Dental maturity of caucasian children in the Indianapolis area

Lauren S. Weddell, James K. Hartsfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare chronologic and dental age using Demirjian's method. Methods: Two hundred and fiftyseven panoramic radiographs of healthy 5- to 17.5-year-old Caucasian children in the Indianapolis area were evaluated using Demirjian's 7 tooth method. Results: The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for agreement with Demirjian was 0.94 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87, 0.97). The ICC for repeatability of the investigator was 0.97 (95% CI=0.95, 0.99). Calculated dental age was significantly greater than chronologic age by 0.59 years (P<.001). There was no significant difference in the mean difference in ages between sexes (P=.73). Medicaid subjects had a significantly higher (P<.001) mean difference (0.82 years) than private insurance subjects (0.32 years). There was a significant negative correlation between the chronologic age and the difference in ages (r=-0.29, P<.001). Overweight (P<.001) and obese (P=.004) subjects were significantly more dentally advanced than normal (P=.35) and underweight (P=.42) subjects. Conclusions: Demirjian's method has high inter- and intraexaminer repeatability. Caucasian children in the Indianapolis area are more advanced dentally than the French-Canadian children studied by Demirjian. Difference between dental age and chronologic age varies depending on the age of the child, socioeconomic status, and body mass index. (Pediatr Dent 2011;33:221-7) Received October 30, 2009 | Last Revision April 11, 2010 | Accepted April 16, 2010.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Dentistry
Volume33
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

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