Delinquency, reputational orientations, psychopathic like traits, and aggression: extending reputation enhancement theory to adolescent loners

Soo Ching Carol Tan

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

[Truncated abstract] The present research sought to compare the delinquency, reputational orientations, psychopathic like traits, and patterns of aggression of adolescents with limited friendships (i.e., loners) with those of adolescents with friendships (i.e., nonloners). To achieve this, four separate yet inter-related studies were conducted. Study One comprised two related investigations that sought to explore delinquency among adolescent loners and nonloners, and establish any links that might exist with reputational orientations. In the first investigation, 1,328 high school students and 132 institutionalized youth (aged 13-17 years) were classified as either loners (75 males, 38 females) or nonloners (643 males, 700 females) on the basis of their Sociability scale scores. Two separate multivariate analyses of variance were conducted. For delinquency, there was no significant main effect of Loner Status, but there were multivariate main effects for Gender, F (7, 1420) = 9.73, p <.001, partial η2 = .05 and Age, F (28, 5121.31) = 2.99, p <.001, partial η2 = .02. Males scored significantly higher than females on all seven delinquency variables and 13 year olds reported significantly lower soft drug usage compared to their 15, 16, and 17 year old counterparts. For reputational orientations, there were multivariate main effects of Loner Status, F (16, 1337) = 9.63, p <.001, partial η2 = .10; Gender, F (16, 1337) = 10.35, p <.001, partial η2 = .11; and Age, F (64, 5236.40) = 1.40, p <.03, partial η2 = .02. Nonloners scored significantly higher than loners on 11 of the 16 reputation enhancement variables. Conversely, loners scored significantly higher than nonloners on one variable. Males reported significantly higher scores compared to females on 5 of the 16 reputation enhancement variables; females, on the other hand, scored significantly higher than males on six of the reputation enhancement variables.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Publication statusUnpublished - 2011

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