Defining the Entrepreneur: How Useful is Establishment Status?

D. Johnson, Rick Newby, John Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the fact that founding a business was not a discriminating criterion in Garland et al.'s (1984) definition of the entrepreneur, establishment status (founder/non-founder) has often been used to classify business owners as either entrepreneurial or non-entrepreneurial.This observation led to the three principal objectives of this study, namely: to test the validity of each of the dimensions contained in the Carland et al. (1984) definition; to validate the appropriateness of using the single dimension of establishment status to define the entrepreneur; and to see whether any other single dimension in the Carland et al. (1984) definition provides a better proxy for defining the entrepreneur.Our findings suggest that establishment status is not particularly good at discriminating between entrepreneurs and non-entrepreneurs and that innovative orientation is likely to be a more useful single attribute for this purpose.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-30
JournalSmall Enterprise Research: The Journal of SEAANZ
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005


Dive into the research topics of 'Defining the Entrepreneur: How Useful is Establishment Status?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this