Projects per year
Background: Acute wheezing is one of the most common hospital presentations for young children. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus (RV) species A, B and the more recently described species C are implicated in the majority of these presentations. However, the relative importance and age-specificities of these viruses have not been defined. Hence, this study aimed to establish these relationships in a large cohort of prospectively recruited hospitalized children. Methods: The study cohort was 390 children 0-16 years of age presenting with acute wheezing to a children's emergency department, 96.4% being admitted. A nonwheezing control population of 190 was also recruited. Nasal samples were analyzed for viruses. Results: For the first 6 months of life, RSV was the dominant virus associated with wheezing (P < 0.001). From 6 months to 2 years, RSV, RV-A and RV-C were all common but none predominated. From 2 to 6 years, RV-C was the dominant virus detected (50-60% of cases), 2-3 times more common than RV-A and RSV, RSV decreasing to be absent from 4 to 7 years. RV-B was rare at all ages. RV-C was no longer dominant in children more than 10 years of age. Overall, RV-C was associated with lower mean oxygen saturation than any other virus (P < 0.001). Controls had no clear age distribution of viruses. Conclusion: This study establishes a clear profile of age specificity of virus infections causing moderate to severe wheezing in children: RSV as the dominant cause in the first 6 months and RV-C in preschool-age children.
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- 2 Finished
Investigation into Host Susceptibility and Immune Responses in Young Children with Acute Wheezing due to Human Rhinovirus Group C Infection
1/01/13 → 31/12/15