© 2015 The Authors. VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 signaling plays a central role in lymphatic development, regulating the budding of lymphatic progenitor cells from embryonic veins and maintaining the expression of PROX1 during later developmental stages. However, how VEGFR-3 activation translates into target gene expression is still not completely understood. We used cap analysis of gene expression (CAGE) RNA sequencing to characterize the transcriptional changes invoked by VEGF-C in LECs and to identify the transcription factors (TFs) involved. We found that MAFB, a TF involved in differentiation of various cell types, is rapidly induced and activated by VEGF-C. MAFB induced expression of PROX1 as well as other TFs and markers of differentiated LECs, indicating a role in the maintenance of the mature LEC phenotype. Correspondingly, E14.5 Mafb-/- embryos showed impaired lymphatic patterning in the skin. This suggests that MAFB is an important TF involved in lymphangiogenesis.