Deep CLSTM for Predictive Beamforming in Integrated Sensing and Communication-Enabled Vehicular Networks

Chang Liu, Xuemeng Liu, Shuangyang Li, Weijie Yuan, Derrick Wing Kwan Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Predictive beamforming design is an essen-tial task in realizing high-mobility integrated sensing and communication (ISAC), which highly depends on the accuracy of the channel prediction (CP), i.e., pre-dicting the angular parameters of users. However, the performance of CP highly depends on the estimated historical channel stated information (CSI) with estimation errors, resulting in the performance degradation for most traditional CP methods. To further improve the prediction accuracy, in this paper, we focus on the ISAC in vehicle networks and propose a convolutional long-short term memory (CLSTM) recurrent neural network (CLRNet) to predict the angle of vehicles for the design of predictive beamforming. In the developed CLRNet, both the convolutional neural network (CNN) module and the LSTM module are adopted to exploit the spatial features and the temporal dependency from the estimated historical angles of vehicles to facilitate the angle prediction. Finally, numerical results demonstrate that the developed CLRNet-based method is robust to the estimation error and can significantly outperform the state-of-the-art benchmarks, achieving an excellent sum-rate performance for ISAC systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-277
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Communications and Information Networks
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

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