Deadspace Estimation From CO2 Versus Molar Mass Measurements in Infants

L. Sauteur, U. Frey, Graham Hall, C. Thamrin, P. Latzin, T. Riedel

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23 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: Estimation of respiratory deadspace is often based on the CO2 expirogram, however presence of the CO2 sensor increases equipment deadspace, which in turn influences breathing pattern and calculation of lung volume. In addition, it is necessary to correct for the delay between the sensor and flow signals. We propose anew method for estimation of effective deadspace using the molar mass (MM) signal from an ultrasonic flowmeter device, which does not require delay correction. We hypothesize that this estimation is correlated with that calculated from the CO2 signal using the Fowler method. Methods: Breath-by-breath CO2, MM and flow measurements were made in a group of 77 term-born healthy infants. Fowler deadspace (V-d,(Fowler)) was calculated after correcting for the flow-dependent delay in the CO2 signal. Deadspace estimated from the MM signal (V-d,V-MM) was defined as the volume passing through the flowhead between start of expiration and the 10% rise point in MM. Results: Correlation (r = 0.456, P < 0.0001) was found between V-d,V-MM and V-d,V-Fowler averaged over all measurements, with a mean difference of -1.4% (95% Cl -4.1 to 1.3%). Vd,mm ranged from 6.6 to 11.4 ml between subjects, while Vd,Fowler ranged from 5.9 to 12.0 ml. Mean intra-measurement CV over 5-10 breaths was 7.8 +/- 5.6% for Vd,mm and 7.8 +/- 3.7% for V-d,V-Fowler Mean intra-subject CV was 6.0 +/- 4.5% for Vd,MM and 8.3 +/- 5.9% for Vd,Fowler Correcting for the CO2 signal delay resulted in a 12% difference (P= 0.022) in V-d,V-Fowler V-d,V-MM could be obtained more frequently than V-d,V-Fowler in infants with CLD, with a high variability Conclusions: Use of the MM signal provides a feasible estimate of Fowler deadspace without introducing additional equipment deadspace. The simple calculation without need for delay correction makes individual adjustment for cleadspace in FRC measurements possible. This is especially important given the relative large range of deadspace seen in this homogeneous group of infants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)920-927
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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