Mice susceptible and resistant to murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) were infected with this virus and livers were harvested after 2-231 days. Cryostat sections were stained to visualize cells bearing CD4, CD8 or Mac-1 antigens. Mac-1(+) cells were prevalent in inflammatory foci after 2 days. These cells persisted in susceptible BALB/c and A/J mice, but disappeared from livers of resistant C57B1/6 and CBA/CaH mice by day 28. T cell inflammation peaked on days 7-11. This declined by day 56 in C57B1/6 and CBA/CaH mice, but persisted in BALB/c and A/J mice for at least 231 days. Persistent CD8(+) cells were dispersed throughout the parenchyma. More CD8(+) cells were observed 7-14 days after infection in the livers of bg/bg (natural killer (NK) cell-deficient) C57B1/6 and CBA mice, and in C57B1/6 mice depleted of NK1.1 cells by MoAb. Thus, mice of strains susceptible to MCMV exhibit hepatitis characterized by persistence of dispersed CD8(+) cells. This phenomenon may be limited by NK cells in resistant strains.
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|