Cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1): effects of glycerol and identification of the membrane binding domain

Madeleine Headlam

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

The first step in the synthesis of steroid hormones occurs in the mitochondria where cholesterol is converted to pregnenolone by cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1). Cholesterol is insoluble in water and is supplied to the CYP11A1 directly from the inner mitochondrial membrane to which the enzyme is bound. The aim of this study was to characterise the interaction of bovine CYP11A1 with the phospholipid membrane. The effect of osmotic stress provided by glycerol on the spin-state, activity and degree of hydration of CYP11A1 was also investigated. Multiple sequence alignment of mitochondrial P450s revealed that there are 46 absolutely conserved residues, with the highest conservation in the heme-binding region at the C-terminal. The greatest variablility between subfamilies is in the regions believed to be involved in substrate binding (SRSs), as defined for the CYP2B family. The secondary structure prediction for CYP11A1 suggests that there is strong similarity in secondary structure to P450s of known structure. A model structure of CYP11A1 was built from primary sequence alignment to template P450 structures using the SwissModel automated server. From the model and other bioinformatic analyses, the distal face of the P450 which includes the A’ helix, F-G loop and beta sheet 1 regions, were predicted to interact with the membrane. Tryptic digests of CYP11A1 were performed with the aim of identifying membrane bound peptides that may be protected from protease activity. HPLC tryptic maps were similar in profile between soluble and vesicle-bound P450 which suggests that there is not a large region of CYP11A1 protected from protease digestion when the enzyme is attached to a membrane. Mass spectrometric analysis of peptides resulting from tryptic digestion revealed a number of peptides in the soluble digest that were not present in the digest of vesicle-bound P450.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Publication statusUnpublished - 2004

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cytochromes
glycerol
sequence alignment
peptides
proteinases
digestion
cholesterol
pregnenolone
heme
steroid hormones
enzymes
osmotic stress
bioinformatics
phospholipids
mitochondria
synthesis
prediction
cattle
water

Cite this

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title = "Cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1): effects of glycerol and identification of the membrane binding domain",
abstract = "The first step in the synthesis of steroid hormones occurs in the mitochondria where cholesterol is converted to pregnenolone by cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1). Cholesterol is insoluble in water and is supplied to the CYP11A1 directly from the inner mitochondrial membrane to which the enzyme is bound. The aim of this study was to characterise the interaction of bovine CYP11A1 with the phospholipid membrane. The effect of osmotic stress provided by glycerol on the spin-state, activity and degree of hydration of CYP11A1 was also investigated. Multiple sequence alignment of mitochondrial P450s revealed that there are 46 absolutely conserved residues, with the highest conservation in the heme-binding region at the C-terminal. The greatest variablility between subfamilies is in the regions believed to be involved in substrate binding (SRSs), as defined for the CYP2B family. The secondary structure prediction for CYP11A1 suggests that there is strong similarity in secondary structure to P450s of known structure. A model structure of CYP11A1 was built from primary sequence alignment to template P450 structures using the SwissModel automated server. From the model and other bioinformatic analyses, the distal face of the P450 which includes the A’ helix, F-G loop and beta sheet 1 regions, were predicted to interact with the membrane. Tryptic digests of CYP11A1 were performed with the aim of identifying membrane bound peptides that may be protected from protease activity. HPLC tryptic maps were similar in profile between soluble and vesicle-bound P450 which suggests that there is not a large region of CYP11A1 protected from protease digestion when the enzyme is attached to a membrane. Mass spectrometric analysis of peptides resulting from tryptic digestion revealed a number of peptides in the soluble digest that were not present in the digest of vesicle-bound P450.",
keywords = "Cytochrome P-450, Glycerin, Lipid membranes, CYP11A1, Pregnenolone, Membrane interaction",
author = "Madeleine Headlam",
year = "2004",
language = "English",

}

Cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1): effects of glycerol and identification of the membrane binding domain. / Headlam, Madeleine.

2004.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

TY - THES

T1 - Cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1): effects of glycerol and identification of the membrane binding domain

AU - Headlam, Madeleine

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The first step in the synthesis of steroid hormones occurs in the mitochondria where cholesterol is converted to pregnenolone by cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1). Cholesterol is insoluble in water and is supplied to the CYP11A1 directly from the inner mitochondrial membrane to which the enzyme is bound. The aim of this study was to characterise the interaction of bovine CYP11A1 with the phospholipid membrane. The effect of osmotic stress provided by glycerol on the spin-state, activity and degree of hydration of CYP11A1 was also investigated. Multiple sequence alignment of mitochondrial P450s revealed that there are 46 absolutely conserved residues, with the highest conservation in the heme-binding region at the C-terminal. The greatest variablility between subfamilies is in the regions believed to be involved in substrate binding (SRSs), as defined for the CYP2B family. The secondary structure prediction for CYP11A1 suggests that there is strong similarity in secondary structure to P450s of known structure. A model structure of CYP11A1 was built from primary sequence alignment to template P450 structures using the SwissModel automated server. From the model and other bioinformatic analyses, the distal face of the P450 which includes the A’ helix, F-G loop and beta sheet 1 regions, were predicted to interact with the membrane. Tryptic digests of CYP11A1 were performed with the aim of identifying membrane bound peptides that may be protected from protease activity. HPLC tryptic maps were similar in profile between soluble and vesicle-bound P450 which suggests that there is not a large region of CYP11A1 protected from protease digestion when the enzyme is attached to a membrane. Mass spectrometric analysis of peptides resulting from tryptic digestion revealed a number of peptides in the soluble digest that were not present in the digest of vesicle-bound P450.

AB - The first step in the synthesis of steroid hormones occurs in the mitochondria where cholesterol is converted to pregnenolone by cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1). Cholesterol is insoluble in water and is supplied to the CYP11A1 directly from the inner mitochondrial membrane to which the enzyme is bound. The aim of this study was to characterise the interaction of bovine CYP11A1 with the phospholipid membrane. The effect of osmotic stress provided by glycerol on the spin-state, activity and degree of hydration of CYP11A1 was also investigated. Multiple sequence alignment of mitochondrial P450s revealed that there are 46 absolutely conserved residues, with the highest conservation in the heme-binding region at the C-terminal. The greatest variablility between subfamilies is in the regions believed to be involved in substrate binding (SRSs), as defined for the CYP2B family. The secondary structure prediction for CYP11A1 suggests that there is strong similarity in secondary structure to P450s of known structure. A model structure of CYP11A1 was built from primary sequence alignment to template P450 structures using the SwissModel automated server. From the model and other bioinformatic analyses, the distal face of the P450 which includes the A’ helix, F-G loop and beta sheet 1 regions, were predicted to interact with the membrane. Tryptic digests of CYP11A1 were performed with the aim of identifying membrane bound peptides that may be protected from protease activity. HPLC tryptic maps were similar in profile between soluble and vesicle-bound P450 which suggests that there is not a large region of CYP11A1 protected from protease digestion when the enzyme is attached to a membrane. Mass spectrometric analysis of peptides resulting from tryptic digestion revealed a number of peptides in the soluble digest that were not present in the digest of vesicle-bound P450.

KW - Cytochrome P-450

KW - Glycerin

KW - Lipid membranes

KW - CYP11A1

KW - Pregnenolone

KW - Membrane interaction

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -