Stabilized lithiated sulfoximines 2 and 9 undergo highly diastereoselective Michael reactions with acyclic enones under kinetically controlled conditions. At rt the initially formed anionic Michael adducts undergo intramolecular displacement of the sulfonimidoyl group, with inversion of stereochemistry at the carbon bearing the nucleofuge, to give cyclopropanes. Lithiated sulfoximines derived from S-alkyl sulfoximines give mixtures of 1,2- and 1,4-adducts with enones under kinetically controlled conditions. However, at rt the 1,2-adducts are in equilibrium with their corresponding 1,4-adducts. The 1,4-adducts are formed in a highly diastereoselective manner and are rapidly converted to diastereomerically pure cyclopropanes in good to excellent yields. Optically active versions of these sulfoximines give cyclopropanes in high enantiomeric purities.
Pyne, S. G., Dong, Z., Skelton, B., & White, A. (1997). Cyclopropanation reactions of Enones with Lithiated Sulfoximines: Application to the asymmetric synthesis of Chiral Cyclopropanes. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 62, 2337-2343. https://doi.org/10.1021/jo962216i