Cyclin D1 Governs Adhesion and Motility of Macrophages

P. Neumeister, Fiona Pixley, Y. Xiong, H. Xie, K. Wu, A. Ashton, M. Cammer, A. Chan, M. Symons, E.R. Stanley, R.G. Pestell

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129 Citations (Scopus)


The cyclin D1 gene encodes the regulatory subunit of a holoenzyme that phosphorylates and inactivates the retinoblastoma protein, thereby promoting cell-cycle progression. Cyclin D1 is overexpressed in hemtopoetic and epithelial malignancies correlating with poor prognosis and metastasis in several cancer types. Because tumor-associated macrophages have been shown to enhance malignant progression and metastasis, and cyclin D1-deficient mice are resistant to oncogene-induced malignancies, we investigated the function of cyclin D1(-/-) bone marrow-derived macrophages. Cyclin D1 deficiency increased focal complex formation at the site of substratum contact, and enhanced macrophage adhesion, yielding a flattened, circular morphology with reduced membrane ruffles. Migration in response to wounding, cytokine-mediated chemotaxis, and transendothelial cell migration of cyclin D1(-/-) bone marrow-derived macrophages were all substantially reduced. Thus, apart from proliferative and possible motility defects in the tumor cells themselves, the reduced motility and invasiveness of cyclin D1(-/-) tumor-associated macrophages may contribute to the tumor resistance of these mice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2005-2015
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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