Cyanogenic and non-cyanogenic glycosides from Manihot esculenta

H. Prawat, C. Mahidol, S. Ruchirawat, U. Prawat, P. Tuntiwachwuttikul, U. Tooptakong, W.C. Taylor, C. Pakawatchai, Brian Skelton, Allan White

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Abstract

In addition to lotaustralin and linamarin, a novel cyanogenic glycoside, 2-((6-O-(beta-D-apiofuranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy)-2-methylbutanenitrile two novel non-cyanogenic glycosides, (2S)-((6-O-(beta-D-apiofuranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy)butane and 2-((6-O-(beta-D-apiofuranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy)propane, and a simple non-cyanogenic glycoside, ethyl beta-D-glucopyranoside, were isolated from an ethanolic extract of the fresh root cortex of Manihot esculenta. From a methanolic extract of the fresh leaves of this species lotaustralin and linamarin, and two flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside and quercetin-3-O-rutinoside were isolated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1173
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Prawat, H., Mahidol, C., Ruchirawat, S., Prawat, U., Tuntiwachwuttikul, P., Tooptakong, U., ... White, A. (1995). Cyanogenic and non-cyanogenic glycosides from Manihot esculenta. Phytochemistry, 40, 1167-1173. https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00398-Q