Current Practice of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Mild Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Therapeutic hypothermia is the recommended treatment for neonates with moderate or severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). There is an increasing trend to use therapeutic hypothermia even in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, even though there is little evidence to support/refute this. Objective: To estimate the incidences of mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, and its short- and long-term outcomes. Data Sources and Study Selection: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane library were searched to identify observational studies reporting on therapeutic hypothermia in term and near-term infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The JBI (Joanna Briggs Institute) tools were used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted to find out the percentage of cooled infants who had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Results: A total of 3590 citations were screened, of which 13 were included. Of the 2783 infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, 573 had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Meta-analysis found that 22% of the infants who underwent therapeutic hypothermia had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (95% confidence interval: 16%-27%; I 2 statistic = 90.5%). Five studies provided information on adverse effects of therapeutic hypothermia in mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The reported adverse effects were extreme hypothermia, bradycardia, hypoglycemia, sepsis, skin necrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and systemic hypotension. Limitation: The limitations included relatively small sample size and the lack of data for short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. Conclusions: A significant proportion of infants who received therapeutic hypothermia had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Randomized trials are urgently needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of therapeutic hypothermia in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-409
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Brain Hypoxia-Ischemia
Induced Hypothermia
Meta-Analysis
Information Storage and Retrieval
Bradycardia
Hypothermia
Hypoglycemia
Pulmonary Hypertension
PubMed
Sample Size
Hypotension
Libraries
Observational Studies
Sepsis
Necrosis
Newborn Infant
Confidence Intervals

Cite this

@article{54f9949e784a4db6a568f1ea0a097963,
title = "Current Practice of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Mild Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy",
abstract = "Context: Therapeutic hypothermia is the recommended treatment for neonates with moderate or severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). There is an increasing trend to use therapeutic hypothermia even in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, even though there is little evidence to support/refute this. Objective: To estimate the incidences of mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, and its short- and long-term outcomes. Data Sources and Study Selection: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane library were searched to identify observational studies reporting on therapeutic hypothermia in term and near-term infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The JBI (Joanna Briggs Institute) tools were used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted to find out the percentage of cooled infants who had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Results: A total of 3590 citations were screened, of which 13 were included. Of the 2783 infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, 573 had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Meta-analysis found that 22{\%} of the infants who underwent therapeutic hypothermia had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (95{\%} confidence interval: 16{\%}-27{\%}; I 2 statistic = 90.5{\%}). Five studies provided information on adverse effects of therapeutic hypothermia in mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The reported adverse effects were extreme hypothermia, bradycardia, hypoglycemia, sepsis, skin necrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and systemic hypotension. Limitation: The limitations included relatively small sample size and the lack of data for short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. Conclusions: A significant proportion of infants who received therapeutic hypothermia had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Randomized trials are urgently needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of therapeutic hypothermia in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.",
keywords = "electroencephalography, epileptic encephalopathy, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, neonatal seizures, neonate",
author = "Saw, {Chia L.} and Abhijeet Rakshasbhuvankar and Shripada Rao and M. Bulsara and Sanjay Patole",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0883073819828625",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "402--409",
journal = "Journal of Child Neurology",
issn = "0883-0738",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Current Practice of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Mild Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

AU - Saw, Chia L.

AU - Rakshasbhuvankar, Abhijeet

AU - Rao, Shripada

AU - Bulsara, M.

AU - Patole, Sanjay

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Context: Therapeutic hypothermia is the recommended treatment for neonates with moderate or severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). There is an increasing trend to use therapeutic hypothermia even in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, even though there is little evidence to support/refute this. Objective: To estimate the incidences of mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, and its short- and long-term outcomes. Data Sources and Study Selection: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane library were searched to identify observational studies reporting on therapeutic hypothermia in term and near-term infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The JBI (Joanna Briggs Institute) tools were used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted to find out the percentage of cooled infants who had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Results: A total of 3590 citations were screened, of which 13 were included. Of the 2783 infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, 573 had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Meta-analysis found that 22% of the infants who underwent therapeutic hypothermia had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (95% confidence interval: 16%-27%; I 2 statistic = 90.5%). Five studies provided information on adverse effects of therapeutic hypothermia in mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The reported adverse effects were extreme hypothermia, bradycardia, hypoglycemia, sepsis, skin necrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and systemic hypotension. Limitation: The limitations included relatively small sample size and the lack of data for short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. Conclusions: A significant proportion of infants who received therapeutic hypothermia had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Randomized trials are urgently needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of therapeutic hypothermia in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

AB - Context: Therapeutic hypothermia is the recommended treatment for neonates with moderate or severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). There is an increasing trend to use therapeutic hypothermia even in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, even though there is little evidence to support/refute this. Objective: To estimate the incidences of mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy among infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, and its short- and long-term outcomes. Data Sources and Study Selection: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane library were searched to identify observational studies reporting on therapeutic hypothermia in term and near-term infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The JBI (Joanna Briggs Institute) tools were used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted to find out the percentage of cooled infants who had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Results: A total of 3590 citations were screened, of which 13 were included. Of the 2783 infants who received therapeutic hypothermia, 573 had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Meta-analysis found that 22% of the infants who underwent therapeutic hypothermia had only mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (95% confidence interval: 16%-27%; I 2 statistic = 90.5%). Five studies provided information on adverse effects of therapeutic hypothermia in mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The reported adverse effects were extreme hypothermia, bradycardia, hypoglycemia, sepsis, skin necrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and systemic hypotension. Limitation: The limitations included relatively small sample size and the lack of data for short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. Conclusions: A significant proportion of infants who received therapeutic hypothermia had mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Randomized trials are urgently needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of therapeutic hypothermia in infants with mild hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

KW - electroencephalography

KW - epileptic encephalopathy

KW - hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

KW - neonatal seizures

KW - neonate

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063319461&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0883073819828625

DO - 10.1177/0883073819828625

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 402

EP - 409

JO - Journal of Child Neurology

JF - Journal of Child Neurology

SN - 0883-0738

IS - 7

ER -