Curcumin, piperine, and capsaicin: A comparative study of spice-mediated inhibition of human cytochrome P450 isozyme activities

Suhaili Shamsi, Huong Tran, Renee Seok Jin Tan, Zee Jian Tan, Lee Yong Lim

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    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Inhibition of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes (CYP) has been shown to lower the metabolism of drugs that are P450 substrates and to consequently alter their pharmacokinetic profiles. Curcumin (CUR), piperine (PIP), and capsaicin (CAP) are spice components (SC) that inhibit the activities of a range of P450 enzymes, but the selection of which SC to be prioritized for further development as an adjuvant will depend on the ranking order of the inhibitory potential of the SCs on specific P450 isozymes. We used coμMon human recombinant enzymeplatformsto provide a comparative evaluation of the inhibitory activities of CUR, PIP, and CAP on the principal drug-metabolizing P450 enzymes. SC-mediated inhibition of CYP3A4 was found to rank in the order ofCAP (IC50 1.8460.71μM) ∼ PIP (2.1260.45 μM) > CUR (11.93 ± 3.49 μM), while CYP2C9 inhibition was in the order of CAP (11.95 ± 4.24 μM) ∼ CUR (14.58 ± 4.57 μM) > PIP (89.62 ± 9.17 μM). CAP and PIPwere significantlymore potent inhibitors of CYP1A2 (IC50 2.14 ± 0.22 μM and 14.19 ± 4.15 μM, respectively) than CUR (IC50 > 100 μM), while all three SCs exhibited weak activity toward CYP2D6 (IC50 95.42612.09μMforCUR, 99.9965.88μMforCAP, and 110.406 3.23 μM for PIP). Of the three SCs, CAP thus has the strongest potential for further development into an inhibitor of multiple CYPs for use in the clinic. Data from this study are also useful for managing potential drug-SC interactions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-55
    Number of pages7
    JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
    Volume45
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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