World’s fairs and expositions have long served as important sites of cultural display. From their earliest days, they have exhibited a wide array of material and non-material cultural forms, including architecture and archaeological objects, as well as a wide selection of arts and crafts, ranging from the so-called ‘fine’ to ‘craft’. Not surprisingly, culture has also been extensively performed through ‘human showcases’, to use Greenhalgh’s (1988/2000) term, with clothing (or absence thereof), dance forms and phenotypic features all being offered up for visual consumption by audiences. The history of these displays becomes particularly interesting when situated within the wider political economies of colonialism and postcolonialism. This chapter pursues such pathways by considering national culture and cultural nationalisms as palimpsests. For those countries previously under colonial rule, Shanghai revealed residual layers of colonialism or, more specifically, a distinct cultural continuity with colonial-era practices and ideas. To elucidate this, the chapter considers a number of contributory factors, both internal and external to the genre. In so doing, it asks questions about sovereignty, coloniality and the presence of auto-exoticism in today’s global economy.
|Title of host publication||Shanghai Expo: An intetnational forum on the future of cities|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Name||Culture, Economy and the Social|
Winter, T. (2013). Cultural Exotica: From the colonial to global in World's Fairs. In T. Winter (Ed.), Shanghai Expo: An intetnational forum on the future of cities (pp. 137-154). (Culture, Economy and the Social). London: Routledge.