Cultural Assimilation Policies in Bulgaria and the Plight of Muslim Women

Silvia Lozeva, Dora Marinova, Shamim Samani, Kaloyan Tsvetkov, Georgi Bardarov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

Abstract

This chapter explores the perceived effects of modernization on the emancipation of the Muslim women in Bulgaria. The Bulgarian Muslim monitories are understood as three main groups: Turks, Bulgarian- speaking Muslims and Muslim Roma. The role of gender, religion, nation and ethnicity play an essential part in the process of modernization. A few different waves of assimilation for the Muslim minorities have been introduced, characterized by the ‘Vuzroditelen’ (Rebirth) process, the re--dressing process and de-vailing since the 1970s, which was the communist’s political and social response to modernity. In pursuing the idea of modernity, which is typical for most Socialist states, gender equity is seen as an essential element, especially amongst ethnic minorities. Thus the narratives about religious have been overridden efforts for emancipation of Muslim women, which were seen as the frontier of inequality. The cultural politics and policies of cultural acculturation continued after 1989 and in the past 30 years, aimed at improving access to education, greater economic empowerment and emancipation. This study is concerned with the actual effects of various programs and policies, particularly in the case of Muslim Roma, who are one of the fastest growing subgroups.
The aims of this research is to examine how effective have been the various policies targeted towards gender equity and economic empowerment in the case of Bulgarian Muslims women. The methodology of the study involves interviews with Bulgarian Muslims, from the South region of the country, and more specifically from a ghetto in a the second largest city in the country, examining actual and perceived barriers to education, employment and full participation in civic life.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMuslim Women in the Economy: Development, Faith and Globalisation
EditorsShamim Samani, Dora Marinova
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter3
Pages48-68
Number of pages21
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9780429263194
ISBN (Print)9780367207397
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2020

Publication series

NameRoutledge Research in Religion and Development

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  • Cite this

    Lozeva, S., Marinova, D., Samani, S., Tsvetkov, K., & Bardarov, G. (2020). Cultural Assimilation Policies in Bulgaria and the Plight of Muslim Women. In S. Samani, & D. Marinova (Eds.), Muslim Women in the Economy: Development, Faith and Globalisation (1 ed., pp. 48-68). (Routledge Research in Religion and Development ). Routledge.