© 2015 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists. CT perfusion is increasingly utilised in hyperacute stroke to facilitate diagnosis and patient selection for reperfusion therapies. This review article demonstrates eight examples of how CT perfusion can be used to diagnose stroke mimics and small volume infarcts, which can be easily missed on non-contrast CT, and to suggest the presence of an ischaemic penumbra. Radiologists involved in stroke management must understand the importance of rapid imaging acquisition and be confident in the prospective interpretation of this powerful diagnostic tool as we move into a new era of hyperacute stroke care.
Chiu, A. H., Phillips, T. J., Phatouros, C. C., Singh, T. P., Hankey, G. J., Blacker, D. J., & McAuliffe, W. (2016). CT perfusion in acute stroke calls: A pictorial review and differential diagnoses. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 60(2), 165-171. https://doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12422