Cryogenic Solid Solubility Measurements for HFC-32 + CO2 Binary Mixtures at Temperatures Between (132 and 217) K

Mirhadi S. Sadaghiani, Arman Siahvashi, Arash Arami-Niya, Tomoya Tsuji, Atsuhiro Yukumoto, Yoshio Seiki, Saif Z.S. Al Ghafri, Paul L. Stanwix, Eric F. May

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Accurate phase equilibrium data for mixtures of eco-friendly but mildly-flammable refrigerants with inert components like CO2 will help the refrigeration industry safely employ working fluids with 80 % less global warming potential than those of many widely-used refrigerants. In this work, a visual high-pressure measurement setup was used to measure solid–fluid equilibrium (SFE) of HFC-32 + CO2 binary systems at temperatures between (132 and 217) K. The experimental data show a eutectic composition of around 11 mol % CO2 with a eutectic temperature of 131.9 K at solid–liquid–vapour (SLVE) condition. Measured SLVE and solid–liquid equilibrium data were used to tune a thermodynamic model implemented in the ThermoFAST software package by adjusting the binary interaction parameter (BIP) in the Peng–Robinson equation of state. The tuned model represents the measured melting points for binary mixtures with a root mean square deviation (RMSD) of 3.2 K, which is 60 % less than achieved with the default BIP. An RMSD of 0.5 K was obtained using the tuned model for the mixtures with CO2 fractions over 28 mol % relative to an RMSD of 3.4 K obtained with the default model. The new property data and improved model presented in this work will help avoid solid deposition risk in cryogenic applications of the HFC-32 + CO2 binary system and promote wider applications of more environmentally-friendly refrigerant mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sept 2023

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