Cruciferous and allium vegetable intakes are inversely associated with 15-Year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women

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Abstract

Background--Higher vegetable intake is consistently associated with lower atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) events. However, the components responsible and mechanisms involved are uncertain. Nonnutritive phytochemicals may be involved. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of total vegetable intake and types of vegetables grouped according to phytochemical constituents with ASVD mortality. Methods and Results--The cohort consisted of 1226 Australian women aged 70 years and older without clinical ASVD or diabetes mellitus at baseline (1998). Vegetable intakes were calculated per serving (75 g/d) and were also classified into prespecified types relating to phytochemical constituents. ASVD-related deaths were ascertained from linked mortality data. During 15 years (15 947 person-years) of follow-up, 238 ASVD-related deaths occurred. A 1-serving increment of vegetable intake was associated with a 20% lower hazard of ASVD-related death (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.69-0.94 [P=0.005]). In multivariable-adjusted models for vegetable types, cruciferous (per 10-g/d increase: hazard ratio, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.94 [P

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere006558
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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Allium
Vascular Diseases
Vegetables
Phytochemicals
Confidence Intervals
Mortality
Diabetes Mellitus

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@article{4e3bfea88b5349cb827eb44a40bac130,
title = "Cruciferous and allium vegetable intakes are inversely associated with 15-Year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women",
abstract = "Background--Higher vegetable intake is consistently associated with lower atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) events. However, the components responsible and mechanisms involved are uncertain. Nonnutritive phytochemicals may be involved. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of total vegetable intake and types of vegetables grouped according to phytochemical constituents with ASVD mortality. Methods and Results--The cohort consisted of 1226 Australian women aged 70 years and older without clinical ASVD or diabetes mellitus at baseline (1998). Vegetable intakes were calculated per serving (75 g/d) and were also classified into prespecified types relating to phytochemical constituents. ASVD-related deaths were ascertained from linked mortality data. During 15 years (15 947 person-years) of follow-up, 238 ASVD-related deaths occurred. A 1-serving increment of vegetable intake was associated with a 20{\%} lower hazard of ASVD-related death (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio, 0.80; 95{\%} confidence interval, 0.69-0.94 [P=0.005]). In multivariable-adjusted models for vegetable types, cruciferous (per 10-g/d increase: hazard ratio, 0.87; 95{\%} confidence interval, 0.81-0.94 [P",
keywords = "Allium, Atherosclerosis, Atherosclerotic vascular disease, Cardiovascular events, Cruciferous, Diet, Follow-up study, Observational studies, Vegetables",
author = "Blekkenhorst, {Lauren C.} and Bondonno, {Catherine P.} and Lewis, {Joshua R.} and Amanda Devine and Kun Zhu and Lim, {Wai H.} and Woodman, {Richard J.} and Beilin, {Lawrence J.} and Prince, {Richard L.} and Hodgson, {Jonathan M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1161/JAHA.117.006558",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Journal of the American Heart Association",
issn = "2047-9980",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cruciferous and allium vegetable intakes are inversely associated with 15-Year atherosclerotic vascular disease deaths in older adult women

AU - Blekkenhorst, Lauren C.

AU - Bondonno, Catherine P.

AU - Lewis, Joshua R.

AU - Devine, Amanda

AU - Zhu, Kun

AU - Lim, Wai H.

AU - Woodman, Richard J.

AU - Beilin, Lawrence J.

AU - Prince, Richard L.

AU - Hodgson, Jonathan M.

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Background--Higher vegetable intake is consistently associated with lower atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) events. However, the components responsible and mechanisms involved are uncertain. Nonnutritive phytochemicals may be involved. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of total vegetable intake and types of vegetables grouped according to phytochemical constituents with ASVD mortality. Methods and Results--The cohort consisted of 1226 Australian women aged 70 years and older without clinical ASVD or diabetes mellitus at baseline (1998). Vegetable intakes were calculated per serving (75 g/d) and were also classified into prespecified types relating to phytochemical constituents. ASVD-related deaths were ascertained from linked mortality data. During 15 years (15 947 person-years) of follow-up, 238 ASVD-related deaths occurred. A 1-serving increment of vegetable intake was associated with a 20% lower hazard of ASVD-related death (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.69-0.94 [P=0.005]). In multivariable-adjusted models for vegetable types, cruciferous (per 10-g/d increase: hazard ratio, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.94 [P

AB - Background--Higher vegetable intake is consistently associated with lower atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) events. However, the components responsible and mechanisms involved are uncertain. Nonnutritive phytochemicals may be involved. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of total vegetable intake and types of vegetables grouped according to phytochemical constituents with ASVD mortality. Methods and Results--The cohort consisted of 1226 Australian women aged 70 years and older without clinical ASVD or diabetes mellitus at baseline (1998). Vegetable intakes were calculated per serving (75 g/d) and were also classified into prespecified types relating to phytochemical constituents. ASVD-related deaths were ascertained from linked mortality data. During 15 years (15 947 person-years) of follow-up, 238 ASVD-related deaths occurred. A 1-serving increment of vegetable intake was associated with a 20% lower hazard of ASVD-related death (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.69-0.94 [P=0.005]). In multivariable-adjusted models for vegetable types, cruciferous (per 10-g/d increase: hazard ratio, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.94 [P

KW - Allium

KW - Atherosclerosis

KW - Atherosclerotic vascular disease

KW - Cardiovascular events

KW - Cruciferous

KW - Diet

KW - Follow-up study

KW - Observational studies

KW - Vegetables

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U2 - 10.1161/JAHA.117.006558

DO - 10.1161/JAHA.117.006558

M3 - Article

VL - 6

JO - Journal of the American Heart Association

JF - Journal of the American Heart Association

SN - 2047-9980

IS - 10

M1 - e006558

ER -