Crossmatching maternal and fetal blood in sheep

Gabrielle C. Musk, Murray J. Adams, Haruo Usuda, Matthew W. Kemp, Claire R. Sharp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the incidence of ex vivo incompatibility between ovine maternal RBC and fetal plasma. Time-mated singleton pregnant ewes (n = 8) underwent cesarean delivery of the fetus; at the time of delivery, paired maternal and fetal blood samples were collected and subsequently separated for storage as packed RBC and fresh frozen plasma. Gel column crossmatching was performed 3 to 4 wk later. All fetus–dam crossmatches were considered major crossmatches, combining fetal (recipient) plasma with dam (donor) RBC. The plasma of 8 fetuses was cross-matched with RBC from 5 dams; all autologous controls were negative, and all but one crossmatch (1 of 40, 2.5%) were considered compatible. In addition, the plasma of 3 dams was crossmatched with RBC from 5 dams; all autologous controls were negative; however, significant incompatibility was noted. In total, 4 of 13 (30.8%) dam–dam crossmatches were considered incompatible. The results of this initial study suggest that when a single animal receives multiple blood-product transfusions, the risk of an immunologic transfusion reaction can be reduced by ensuring that the blood products are obtained from a single donor, performing a crossmatch prior to transfusion, and the use of synthetic products to increase the oxygen carrying capacity of fetal blood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-297
Number of pages4
JournalComparative Medicine
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

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