Critical skirt spacing for shallow foundations under general loading

D.S.K. Mana, Susan Gourvenec, C.M. Martin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    62 Citations (Scopus)


    Finite-element limit analysis is used to identify the critical internal skirt spacing for the undrained failure of shallow skirted foundations under conditions of plane strain based on the criterion that the confined soil plug should ideally displace as a rigid block, such that optimal bearing capacity is realized. General loading (vertical, horizontal, and moment) is considered for foundations with skirt embedments ranging from 5 to 50% of the foundation breadth in soil having either uniform strength or strength proportional to depth. The results explicitly identify the number of internal skirts required to ensure soil plug rigidity under arbitrary combinations of horizontal and moment loading expressed as a function of the normalized skirt embedment and the maximum expected level of vertical loading as a fraction of the ultimate vertical bearing capacity. It is shown that fewer internal skirts are required with increasing normalized foundation embedment, butmore internal skirts are required with increasing soil strength heterogeneity. The results also indicate the potential for a significant reduction in capacity if insufficient skirts are provided, such that plastic deformation is permitted to occur within the soil plug. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1554-1566
    JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    Dive into the research topics of 'Critical skirt spacing for shallow foundations under general loading'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this