Coupled maize model: A 4D maize growth model based on growing degree days

Binxiang Qian, Wenjiang Huang, Donghui Xie, Huichun Ye, Anting Guo, Yuhao Pan, Yin Jin, Qiaoyun Xie, Quanjun Jiao, Biyao Zhang, Chao Ruan, Tianjun Xu, Yong Zhang, Tiange Nie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Crop canopy parameters are critical for environmental remote sensing, describing crop phenotypes, and ensuring food security. Evaluating the effect of temperature on crop growth is crucial for estimating crop canopy parameters. However, existing crop growth and plant functional-structural models cannot simultaneously model temperature responses, perform accurate dynamic simulations, and provide multi-scale computer visualizations. This limitation has hindered the application of structural models of maize plants for use in 3D radiative transfer models, crop structure evaluations, and crop phenotype descriptions. We improve the leaf/organ-level thermal-driven crop growth model (MAIZSIM) and the plant functional-structural algorithm. To address these limitations, we propose the coupled maize model, a four-dimensional (4D) growth model based on growing degree days. This model can simulate and visualize the structural parameters of the maize canopy at the organ, plant, seasonal, and population levels. The model outputs three-dimensional (3D) predictions of the maize structure (file format.obj), enabling editing and 3D visualizations. We use maize datasets from multiple phenological periods to test the proposed model's accuracy and stability in simulating the canopy parameters at multiple levels. The results show that the normalized root mean square errors (NRMSEs) between the simulated and measured maize leaf size, area, leaf node height, and vein curve derived from the coupled maize model are below 0.1, demonstrating the model's high accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108124
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Cite this