Coupled CFD-DEM method for soils incorporating equation of state for liquid

Ming-jing Jiang, Wang-cheng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The Tait equation of state for liquid is implemented into the N-S equations-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This method is then coupled with the distinct element method (DEM) so as to establish CFD-DEM codes to simulate the porous media with weakly compressive fluid. Firstly, the governing equations for the coupled CFD-DEM method are introduced, including equations for fluid-particle interaction forces, N-S equations, Tait equation of state for liquid and motion equations for particle system. Then, a coupled CFD-DEM scheme is implemented into the DEM commercial software PFC2D. Finally, two benchmarking examples, namely, single particle free settling and one-dimensional consolidation, are used to validate the coupled CFD-DEM method. The results show that in the CFD-DEM simulations the free settling velocity of single particle meets the Stokes's solution, and the excess pore pressure and degree of consolidation at different values of Tv are close to those of the Terzaghi's consolidation theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-801
JournalYantu Gongcheng Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


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