CO2/N2 separation by poly(ether block amide) thin film hollow fiber composite membranes

Li Liu, Amit Chakma, Xianshe Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thin film poly(ether block amide) (PEBA) hollow fiber composite membranes were developed for CO2/N2 separation, which is relevant to CO2 capture from flue gas for greenhouse gas emission control. The membrane was prepared by coating a thin layer of PEBA onto microporous polyetherimide (PEI) hollow fiber substrate membranes. Lab-scale hollow fiber membrane modules were assembled and tested for CO2/N2 separation with various flow configurations using a simulated flue gas (15.3% carbon dioxide, balance N2) as the feed. The shell side feed with counter-current flow was shown to perform better than other configurations over a wide range of stage cuts in terms of product purity, recovery, and productivity. At 23°C and 790 kPa, a permeate stream containing 62 mol % CO2 was obtained at a CO2 recovery of 20% in a single-stage operation, whereas 99.4 mol % nitrogen could be produced in the residue with a nitrogen recovery of 36%. It was found that the permeance of CO2 in the gas mixture was lower than the permeance of pure CO 2 at the same pressure, while there was little difference in nitrogen permeance between pure gas permeation and gas mixture permeation. The PEBA/PEI thin film hollow fiber composite membrane was not suitable for bore side feed operation because of the potential problems associated with concentration polarization in the microporous substrate and the structural integrity of the membrane when a high pressure was applied in the fiber lumen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6874-6882
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume44
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

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