Costs and outcomes of Lynch syndrome screening in the Australian colorectal cancer population

Dayna R. Cenin, Steffie K. Naber, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Mark A. Jenkins, Daniel D. Buchanan, David B. Preen, Hooi C. Ee, Peter O'Leary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: Individuals with Lynch syndrome (LS) are at increased risk of LS-related cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). CRC tumor screening for mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency is recommended in Australia to identify LS, although its cost-effectiveness has not been assessed. We aim to determine the cost-effectiveness of screening individuals with CRC for LS at different age-at-diagnosis thresholds. Methods: We developed a decision analysis model to estimate yield and costs of LS screening. Age-specific probabilities of LS diagnosis were based on Australian data. Two CRC tumor screening pathways were assessed (MMR immunohistochemistry followed by MLH1 methylation (MLH1-Pathway) or BRAF V600E testing (BRAF-Pathway) if MLH1 expression was lost) for four age-at-diagnosis thresholds—screening < 50, screening < 60, screening < 70, and universal screening. Results: Per 1000 CRC cases, screening < 50 identified 5.2 LS cases and cost $A7041 per case detected in the MLH1-Pathway. Screening < 60 increased detection by 1.5 cases for an incremental cost of $A25 177 per additional case detected. Screening < 70 detected 1.6 additional cases at an incremental cost of $A40 278 per additional case detected. Compared with screening < 70, universal screening detected no additional LS cases but cost $A158 724 extra. The BRAF-Pathway identified the same number of LS cases for higher costs. Conclusions: The MLH1-Pathway is more cost-effective than BRAF-Pathway for all age-at-diagnosis thresholds. MMR immunohistochemistry tumor screening in individuals diagnosed with CRC aged < 70 years resulted in higher LS case detection at a reasonable cost. Further research into the yield of LS screening in CRC patients ≥ 70 years is needed to determine if universal screening is justified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1737-1744
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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