Cosmological forecasts for combined and next-generation peculiar velocity surveys

Cullan Howlett, Lister Staveley-Smith, Chris Blake

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Abstract

Peculiar velocity surveys present a very promising route to measuring the growth rate of large-scale structure and its scale dependence. However, individual peculiar velocity surveys suffer from large statistical errors due to the intrinsic scatter in the relations used to infer a galaxy's true distance. In this context, we use a Fisher matrix formalism to investigate the statistical benefits of combining multiple peculiar velocity surveys. We find that for all cases we consider that there is a marked improvement on constraints on the linear growth rate f sigma(8). For example, the constraining power of only a few peculiar velocity measurements is such that the addition of the 2MASS Tully-Fisher survey (containing only similar to 2000 galaxies) to the full redshift and peculiar velocity samples of the 6-degree Field Galaxy Survey (containing similar to 110 000 redshifts and similar to 9000 velocities) can improve growth rate constraints by similar to 20 per cent. Furthermore, the combination of the future TAIPAN and WALLABY+ WNSHS surveys has the potential to reach a similar to 3 per cent error on f sigma(8), which will place tight limits on possible extensions to General Relativity. We then turn to look at potential systematics in growth rate measurements that can arise due to incorrect calibration of the peculiar velocity zero-point and from scale-dependent spatial and velocity bias. For next-generation surveys, we find that neglecting velocity bias in particular has the potential to bias constraints on the growth rate by over 5 sigma, but that an offset in the zero-point has negligible impact on the velocity power spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2517-2544
Number of pages28
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume464
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2017

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