Correlation of MRI-determined small bowel Crohn's disease categories with medical response and surgical pathology

Ian Lawrance, C.J. Welman, P. Shipman, Kevin Murray

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    74 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    AIM: To determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to categorize small bowel Crohn's disease (SB CD) into groups that correlate with response to medical therapy and surgical pathology. METHODS: Data was collected from all patients with MRI evidence of SB CD without significant colonic disease over a 32-mo period. Two radiologists, blinded to clinical findings, evaluated each MRI and grouped them based on bowel wall thickness and wall enhancement. These categories were: (1) "fibrosis', (2) "mild segmental hyper-enhancement and mild wall thickening', (3) "mild segmental hyper-enhancement and marked wall thickening', (4) "marked segmental transmural hyper-enhancement'. Patient response to additional medical therapy post-MRI was prospectively determined at 8-wk. Non-responders underwent endoscopy and were offered therapeutic endoscopy or surgery. Surgical pathology was assessed against the MRI category. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were included. Females and category "2' patients were more likely, and patients with luminal narrowing and hold-up less likely, to respond to medical therapy (P <0.05). Seventeen patients underwent surgery. The surgical pathological findings of fibrosis and the severity of inflammation correlated with the MRI category in all cases. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that SB CD can be grouped by the MRI findings and that these groups are associated with patients more likely to respond to continued medical therapy. The MRI categories also correlated with the presence and level of intestinal inflammation and fibrosis on surgical pathology, and may be of prognostic use in the management of CD patients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3367-3375
    JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
    Volume15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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