Core-Shell Structured PtRuCox Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes as Highly Active and Durable Electrocatalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Y. Cheng, P.K. Shen, Martin Saunders, S.P. Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Ternary alloy PtRuCox nanoparticles (NPs) with Co-rich core and PtRu skinned shell on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been successfully synthesized as electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) via a successive dealloying and annealing treatment of PtRuCo alloy particles. The best results were obtained on dealloyed PtRuCox NPs annealed at 450 °C in argon with x = 0.48, characterizing by a ∼1 nm thick Co-free PtRu shell. The core-shell structured PtRuCox catalysts exhibit a high activity for MOR, 400 A g-1pt measured at 0.40 V (vs Ag/AgCl), almost 4 times higher than 104 A g-1Pt for the reaction on the PtRuCo alloy before deallaying and annealing treatment. The core-shell structured PtRuCox NPs also show excellent structural stability; maintaining 74% of the activity after 1000 cycle between -0.2 to 1.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), significantly higher than 49% for PtRuCo and 25% for the conventional PtRu/C catalysts. The results demonstrate that the successive dealloying and annealing treatment is very effective to synthesize core-shell structured PtRuCox ternary alloy electrocatalysts with high activity and durability for DMFCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-226
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume177
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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