Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene: Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions

David R. Bellwood, Morgan S. Pratchett, Tiffany H. Morrison, Georgina G. Gurney, Terry P. Hughes, Jorge G. Álvarez-Romero, Jon C. Day, Ruby Grantham, Alana Grech, Andrew S. Hoey, Geoffrey P. Jones, John M. Pandolfi, Sterling B. Tebbett, Erika Techera, Rebecca Weeks, Graeme S. Cumming

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The world's coral reefs are rapidly transforming, with decreasing coral cover and new species configurations. These new Anthropocene reefs pose a challenge for conservation; we can no longer rely on established management plans and actions designed to maintain the status quo when coral reef habitats, and the challenges they faced, were very different. The key questions now are: what do we want to conserve on Anthropocene reefs, why, and how? Trends in reef management over recent decades reveal rapid shifts in perceived threats, goals and solutions. Future reefs will be unlike anything previously seen by humans, and while their ability to support tourism or fisheries may be relatively resilient, our capacity to manage them may be constrained by their new species configurations. Furthermore, there is a growing spatial mismatch between the escalating scale of threats and current or planned responses. We present a blueprint for future reef conservation that recognizes the need to better understand the processes that maintain Anthropocene reefs, and the growing imperative to reform conservation efforts to address both specific local issues and larger-scale threats. The future of coral reef conservation is no longer one solely of localized action and stewardship; it requires practices and institutions operating at far larger scales than today.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)604-615
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume236
Early online date7 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

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spatial mismatch
coral reefs
coral reef
reefs
reef
new species
tourism
Anthropocene
corals
coral
fishery
fisheries
habitat
habitats

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Bellwood, D. R., Pratchett, M. S., Morrison, T. H., Gurney, G. G., Hughes, T. P., Álvarez-Romero, J. G., ... Cumming, G. S. (2019). Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene: Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions. Biological Conservation, 236, 604-615. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.056
Bellwood, David R. ; Pratchett, Morgan S. ; Morrison, Tiffany H. ; Gurney, Georgina G. ; Hughes, Terry P. ; Álvarez-Romero, Jorge G. ; Day, Jon C. ; Grantham, Ruby ; Grech, Alana ; Hoey, Andrew S. ; Jones, Geoffrey P. ; Pandolfi, John M. ; Tebbett, Sterling B. ; Techera, Erika ; Weeks, Rebecca ; Cumming, Graeme S. / Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene : Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions. In: Biological Conservation. 2019 ; Vol. 236. pp. 604-615.
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abstract = "The world's coral reefs are rapidly transforming, with decreasing coral cover and new species configurations. These new Anthropocene reefs pose a challenge for conservation; we can no longer rely on established management plans and actions designed to maintain the status quo when coral reef habitats, and the challenges they faced, were very different. The key questions now are: what do we want to conserve on Anthropocene reefs, why, and how? Trends in reef management over recent decades reveal rapid shifts in perceived threats, goals and solutions. Future reefs will be unlike anything previously seen by humans, and while their ability to support tourism or fisheries may be relatively resilient, our capacity to manage them may be constrained by their new species configurations. Furthermore, there is a growing spatial mismatch between the escalating scale of threats and current or planned responses. We present a blueprint for future reef conservation that recognizes the need to better understand the processes that maintain Anthropocene reefs, and the growing imperative to reform conservation efforts to address both specific local issues and larger-scale threats. The future of coral reef conservation is no longer one solely of localized action and stewardship; it requires practices and institutions operating at far larger scales than today.",
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Bellwood, DR, Pratchett, MS, Morrison, TH, Gurney, GG, Hughes, TP, Álvarez-Romero, JG, Day, JC, Grantham, R, Grech, A, Hoey, AS, Jones, GP, Pandolfi, JM, Tebbett, SB, Techera, E, Weeks, R & Cumming, GS 2019, 'Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene: Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions' Biological Conservation, vol. 236, pp. 604-615. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.056

Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene : Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions. / Bellwood, David R.; Pratchett, Morgan S.; Morrison, Tiffany H.; Gurney, Georgina G.; Hughes, Terry P.; Álvarez-Romero, Jorge G.; Day, Jon C.; Grantham, Ruby; Grech, Alana; Hoey, Andrew S.; Jones, Geoffrey P.; Pandolfi, John M.; Tebbett, Sterling B.; Techera, Erika; Weeks, Rebecca; Cumming, Graeme S.

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 236, 08.2019, p. 604-615.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene

T2 - Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions

AU - Bellwood, David R.

AU - Pratchett, Morgan S.

AU - Morrison, Tiffany H.

AU - Gurney, Georgina G.

AU - Hughes, Terry P.

AU - Álvarez-Romero, Jorge G.

AU - Day, Jon C.

AU - Grantham, Ruby

AU - Grech, Alana

AU - Hoey, Andrew S.

AU - Jones, Geoffrey P.

AU - Pandolfi, John M.

AU - Tebbett, Sterling B.

AU - Techera, Erika

AU - Weeks, Rebecca

AU - Cumming, Graeme S.

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AB - The world's coral reefs are rapidly transforming, with decreasing coral cover and new species configurations. These new Anthropocene reefs pose a challenge for conservation; we can no longer rely on established management plans and actions designed to maintain the status quo when coral reef habitats, and the challenges they faced, were very different. The key questions now are: what do we want to conserve on Anthropocene reefs, why, and how? Trends in reef management over recent decades reveal rapid shifts in perceived threats, goals and solutions. Future reefs will be unlike anything previously seen by humans, and while their ability to support tourism or fisheries may be relatively resilient, our capacity to manage them may be constrained by their new species configurations. Furthermore, there is a growing spatial mismatch between the escalating scale of threats and current or planned responses. We present a blueprint for future reef conservation that recognizes the need to better understand the processes that maintain Anthropocene reefs, and the growing imperative to reform conservation efforts to address both specific local issues and larger-scale threats. The future of coral reef conservation is no longer one solely of localized action and stewardship; it requires practices and institutions operating at far larger scales than today.

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KW - Management

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KW - GREAT-BARRIER-REEF

KW - MARINE PROTECTED AREAS

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

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Bellwood DR, Pratchett MS, Morrison TH, Gurney GG, Hughes TP, Álvarez-Romero JG et al. Coral reef conservation in the Anthropocene: Confronting spatial mismatches and prioritizing functions. Biological Conservation. 2019 Aug;236:604-615. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.056