Biomimetically designed medical-grade polycaprolactone (mPCL) dressings are 3D-printed with pore architecture and anisotropic mechanical characteristics that favor skin wound healing with reduced scarring. Melt electrowritten mPCL dressings are seeded with human gingival tissue multipotent mesenchymal stem/stromal cells and cryopreserved using a clinically approved method. The regenerative potential of fresh or frozen cell-seeded mPCL dressing is compared in a splinted full-thickness excisional wound in a rat model over six weeks. The application of 3D-printed mPCL dressings decreased wound contracture and significantly improved skin regeneration through granulation and re-epithelialization compared to control groups. Combining 3D-printed biomimetic wound dressings and precursor cell delivery enhances physiological wound closure with reduced scar tissue formation.
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2021|