Controlling Guessing Bias in the Dichotomous Rasch Model Applied to a Large-Scale, Vertically Scaled Testing Program

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research has shown how the statistical bias in Rasch model difficulty estimates induced by guessing in multiple-choice items can be eliminated. Using vertical scaling of a high-profile national reading test, it is shown that the dominant effect of removing such bias is a nonlinear change in the unit of scale across the continuum. The consequence is that the proficiencies of the more proficient students are increased relative to those of the less proficient. Not controlling the guessing bias underestimates the progress of students across 7 years of schooling with important educational implications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-435
JournalEDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT
Volume76
Issue number3
Early online date7 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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