Activation of the ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway has been implicated in pro-survival and cellular protective mechanisms. so that chronic ERK activation may be a useful therapeutic strategy. Here, we further explored the consequences of prolonged ERK activation following expression of constitutively active form of MEK, MEK-EE, in cardiac myocytes. We confirmed that chronic MEK-EE overexpression halved myocyte death following glucose deprivation, but surprisingly this was not associated with preserved intracellular ATP levels. Whilst activities of a number of antioxidant enzymes were not altered upon MEK-EE expression, paradoxically Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase activity was almost halved upon MEK-EE expression. When we then exposed myocytes to the superoxide generator menadione, we observed significantly higher death of MEK-EE expressing myocytes. Pre-incubation with U0126 inhibited menadione-induced death. Our results are the first to show that MEK-ERK signalling can act to increase or decrease cell survival., the outcome depending on the form of stress stimulus encountered. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|