Contour inflections are adaptable features

Jason Bell, S. Sampasivam, D.P. Mcgovern, A.I. Meso, F.A.A. Kingdom

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Abstract

An object's shape is a strong cue for visual recognition. Most models of shape coding emphasize the role of oriented lines and curves for coding an object's shape. Yet inflection points, which occur at the junction of two oppositely signed curves, are ubiquitous features in natural scenes and carry important information about the shape of an object. Using a visual aftereffect in which the perceived shape of a contour is changed following prolonged viewing of a slightly different-shaped contour, we demonstrate a specific aftereffect for a contour inflection. Control conditions show that this aftereffect cannot be explained by adaptation to either the component curves or to the local orientation at the point of inflection. Further, we show that the aftereffect transfers weakly to a compound curve without an inflection, ruling out a general compound curvature detector as an explanation of our findings. We assume however that there are adaptable mechanisms for coding other specific forms of compound curves. Taken together, our findings provide evidence that the human visual system contains specific mechanisms for coding contour inflections, further highlighting their role in shape and object coding. © 2014 ARVO.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Vision
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Bell, J., Sampasivam, S., Mcgovern, D. P., Meso, A. I., & Kingdom, F. A. A. (2014). Contour inflections are adaptable features. Journal of Vision, 14(7), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1167/14.7.2