Continuous Telemetric In Utero Tracheal Pressure Measurements in Fetal Lambs

Mar Janna Dahl, Stefano Robbiani, Chiara Veneroni, Anna Lavizzari, Sebastian Amos, Gabrielle C. Musk, Helen Kershaw, Jonathan W. Davis, Fabio Mosca, Peter B. Noble, Raffaele Dellacà, J. Jane Pillow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Normal in utero lung development and growth rely upon the expansion of airspaces and the controlled efflux of lung liquid into the amniotic space. Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) also have lung hypoplasia due to occupation of the chest cavity by the stomach and bowel and, in the most severe cases, the liver. Balloon tracheal occlusion reduces the severity of lung hypoplasia in fetuses with CDH but increases the risk of premature birth. Understanding the optimal occlusion pressure and duration required to improve lung hypoplasia with tracheal occlusion is essential to improving in utero corrective treatments for CDH. The study reports a new method for continuous measurement of the intratracheal and amniotic pressures in an unoccluded and occluded fetal lamb surgical model of CDH. Time-pregnant Merino ewes underwent two recovery hysterotomies: the first at ~80 days of gestation to create the CDH, and the second at ~101 days of gestation to occlude the fetal trachea and implant an intratracheal and amniotic pressure measurement device. Lambs were delivered at ~142 days, and the pressure measurement device was removed and cleaned. The data were downloaded and filtered using a 6 h window. Transrespiratory pressure was calculated.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere64767
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number202
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2023


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