Construct Validity of the Two-Factor Revised Learning Process Questionnaire in a Singapore High School

Chiu Wai Chow, Elaine Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Revised Two-factor Learning Process Questionnaire (R-LPQ-2F) is an instrument for assessing students’ learning approaches at the high school level. The instrument has significant potential for use in Singapore schools, but as yet, has not been validated in this context. This study evaluated the validity attributes of the R-LPQ-2F in a sample of Singapore senior high school students. The sample comprised 455 Year 11 students (266 male, 189female) from Singapore. The internal structure of the R-LPQ-2F was evaluated by replicating the confirmatory factor analyses published in previous validations of the instrument, and assessing its internal consistencies and inter-scale correlations. Relationships between the R-LPQ-2F subscales and external variables were also evaluated. Results indicated that for the Deep Approach scale, a one-factor model fit the data well. For the Surface Approach scale, a four-factor model (Fear of Failure; Aim for Qualification; Minimizing Scope of Study; and Memorization)was found to fit the data best. Correlations between scores on the R-LPQ-2F subscales, on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, and a physics achievement test demonstrated expected patterns of correlation. Overall, results obtained in this study supported the construct validity of the R-LPQ-2F for use with Singapore high school students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-173
JournalJournal of Educational and Developmental Psychology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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construct validity
Singapore
learning process
questionnaire
school
student
achievement test
qualification
learning
physics
anxiety

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title = "Construct Validity of the Two-Factor Revised Learning Process Questionnaire in a Singapore High School",
abstract = "The Revised Two-factor Learning Process Questionnaire (R-LPQ-2F) is an instrument for assessing students’ learning approaches at the high school level. The instrument has significant potential for use in Singapore schools, but as yet, has not been validated in this context. This study evaluated the validity attributes of the R-LPQ-2F in a sample of Singapore senior high school students. The sample comprised 455 Year 11 students (266 male, 189female) from Singapore. The internal structure of the R-LPQ-2F was evaluated by replicating the confirmatory factor analyses published in previous validations of the instrument, and assessing its internal consistencies and inter-scale correlations. Relationships between the R-LPQ-2F subscales and external variables were also evaluated. Results indicated that for the Deep Approach scale, a one-factor model fit the data well. For the Surface Approach scale, a four-factor model (Fear of Failure; Aim for Qualification; Minimizing Scope of Study; and Memorization)was found to fit the data best. Correlations between scores on the R-LPQ-2F subscales, on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, and a physics achievement test demonstrated expected patterns of correlation. Overall, results obtained in this study supported the construct validity of the R-LPQ-2F for use with Singapore high school students.",
author = "Chow, {Chiu Wai} and Elaine Chapman",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.5539/jedp.v8n2p159",
language = "English",
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pages = "159--173",
journal = "Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology",
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AU - Chapman, Elaine

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N2 - The Revised Two-factor Learning Process Questionnaire (R-LPQ-2F) is an instrument for assessing students’ learning approaches at the high school level. The instrument has significant potential for use in Singapore schools, but as yet, has not been validated in this context. This study evaluated the validity attributes of the R-LPQ-2F in a sample of Singapore senior high school students. The sample comprised 455 Year 11 students (266 male, 189female) from Singapore. The internal structure of the R-LPQ-2F was evaluated by replicating the confirmatory factor analyses published in previous validations of the instrument, and assessing its internal consistencies and inter-scale correlations. Relationships between the R-LPQ-2F subscales and external variables were also evaluated. Results indicated that for the Deep Approach scale, a one-factor model fit the data well. For the Surface Approach scale, a four-factor model (Fear of Failure; Aim for Qualification; Minimizing Scope of Study; and Memorization)was found to fit the data best. Correlations between scores on the R-LPQ-2F subscales, on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, and a physics achievement test demonstrated expected patterns of correlation. Overall, results obtained in this study supported the construct validity of the R-LPQ-2F for use with Singapore high school students.

AB - The Revised Two-factor Learning Process Questionnaire (R-LPQ-2F) is an instrument for assessing students’ learning approaches at the high school level. The instrument has significant potential for use in Singapore schools, but as yet, has not been validated in this context. This study evaluated the validity attributes of the R-LPQ-2F in a sample of Singapore senior high school students. The sample comprised 455 Year 11 students (266 male, 189female) from Singapore. The internal structure of the R-LPQ-2F was evaluated by replicating the confirmatory factor analyses published in previous validations of the instrument, and assessing its internal consistencies and inter-scale correlations. Relationships between the R-LPQ-2F subscales and external variables were also evaluated. Results indicated that for the Deep Approach scale, a one-factor model fit the data well. For the Surface Approach scale, a four-factor model (Fear of Failure; Aim for Qualification; Minimizing Scope of Study; and Memorization)was found to fit the data best. Correlations between scores on the R-LPQ-2F subscales, on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, and a physics achievement test demonstrated expected patterns of correlation. Overall, results obtained in this study supported the construct validity of the R-LPQ-2F for use with Singapore high school students.

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