© 2016, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This article presents constitutionality as a new approach for analyzing bottom-up institution-building processes emphasizing local perceptions and local agency in common pool resource management. Using four case studies—fisheries in Zambia; pasture and forestry in Mali; fisheries in Indonesia; forestry in Bolivia—this approach analyzes examples of local institution building differing from top-down imposed participation. Our analysis highlights six components of constitutionality: emic perceptions of the need for new institutions, participatory processes of negotiation, preexisting institutions as a basis for institution building, outside catalyzing agents, recognition of local knowledge, and higher level acknowledgment of the new institutions.
Haller, T., Acciaioli, G., & Rist, S. (2016). Constitutionality: Conditions for Crafting Local Ownership of Institution-Building Processes. Society and Natural Resources, 29(1), 68-87. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2015.1041661