Consensus Recommendations for the Use of Automated Insulin Delivery Technologies in Clinical Practice

Moshe Phillip, Revital Nimri, Richard M. Bergenstal, Katharine Barnard-Kelly, Thomas Danne, Roman Hovorka, Boris P. Kovatchev, Laurel H. Messer, Christopher G. Parkin, Louise Ambler-Osborn, Stephanie A. Amiel, Lia Bally, Roy W. Beck, Sarah Biester, Torben Biester, Julia E. Blanchette, Emanuele Bosi, Charlotte K. Boughton, Marc D. Breton, Sue A. BrownBruce A. Buckingham, Albert Cai, Anders L. Carlson, Jessica R. Castle, Pratik Choudhary, Kelly L. Close, Claudio Cobelli, Amy B. Criego, Elizabeth Davis, Carine de Beaufort, Martin de Bock, Daniel J. DeSalvo, J. Hans DeVries, Klemen Dovc, Francis J. Doyle, Laya Ekhlaspour, Naama Fisch Shvalb, Gregory P. Forlenza, Geraldine Gallen, Satish K. Garg, Dana C. Gershenoff, Linda A. Gonder-Frederick, Ahmad Haidar, Sara Hartnell, Lutz Heinemann, Simon Heller, Irl B. Hirsch, Korey K. Hood, Diana Isaacs, David C. Klonoff, Olga Kordonouri, Aaron Kowalski, Lori Laffel, Julia Lawton, Rayhan A. Lal, Lalantha Leelarathna, David M. Maahs, Helen R. Murphy, Kirsten Norgaard, David O'Neal, Sean Oser, Tamara Oser, Eric Renard, Michael C. Riddell, David Rodbard, Steven J. Russell, Desmond A. Schatz, Viral N. Shah, Jennifer L. Sherr, Gregg D. Simonson, R. Paul Wadwa, Candice Ward, Stuart A. Weinzimer, Emma G. Wilmot, Tadej Battelino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


The significant and growing global prevalence of diabetes continues to challenge people with diabetes (PwD), healthcare providers, and payers. While maintaining near-normal glucose levels has been shown to prevent or delay the progression of the long-term complications of diabetes, a significant proportion of PwD are not attaining their glycemic goals. During the past 6 years, we have seen tremendous advances in automated insulin delivery (AID) technologies. Numerous randomized controlled trials and real-world studies have shown that the use of AID systems is safe and effective in helping PwD achieve their long-term glycemic goals while reducing hypoglycemia risk. Thus, AID systems have recently become an integral part of diabetes management. However, recommendations for using AID systems in clinical settings have been lacking. Such guided recommendations are critical for AID success and acceptance. All clinicians working with PwD need to become familiar with the available systems in order to eliminate disparities in diabetes quality of care. This report provides much-needed guidance for clinicians who are interested in utilizing AIDs and presents a comprehensive listing of the evidence payers should consider when determining eligibility criteria for AID insurance coverage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-280
Number of pages27
JournalEndocrine Reviews
Issue number2
Early online date6 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


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