Confirming the Three-Factor Structure of the Disgust Scale-Revised in Eight Countries

B.O. Olatunji, M.W. Moretz, D. Mckay, F. Bjorklund, P.J. De Jong, J. Haidt, T.J. Hursti, S. Imada, S. Koller, F. Mancini, Andrew Page, A. Schienle

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59 Citations (Scopus)


The current study evaluates the factor structure of the Disgust Scale—Revised (DS-R) in eight countries: Australia, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States (N = 2,606). Confirmatory factor analysis is used to compare two different models of the DS-R and to investigate the invariance of the factor structure of the DS-R across countries and gender. A three-factor solution consisting of three different but interrelated disgust factors (a 12-item core disgust factor, an 8-item animal-reminder disgust factor, and a 5-item contamination disgust factor) best accounted for the data in all countries except the Netherlands. Relative to the United States, the three-factor solution is invariant in Australia, Brazil, and Japan but not in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The three-factor solution is also invariant across gender in most countries. The implications of these cross-cultural findings for promoting a more valid and reliable assessment of disgust dimensions, as assessed by the DS-R, are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-255
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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