This thesis investigates the impacts of trade liberalisation on productivity and employment in Vietnam. This is an important issue since Vietnam's external trade depends on global supply chains, dominated by foreign owned firms importing intermediate goods, which could potentially displace labour. Using firm-level data since 2000, I find that while tariff reductions increase productivity and demand for intermediate inputs, they also raise the demand for labour. Hence labour and intermediate goods are p-complements. I further show that employment opportunities created by foreign owned firms generate interprovincial migration flows, indicating that the pro-employment effects are distributed nationally.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||24 Nov 2021|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2021|