This paper presents a numerical investigation on the influence of the mining environment on seismic sources, with a focus on pillar failure mechanisms in tabular mining. We investigate the influence of the mining stope (underground excavation or void) on seismic inversions for the scalar moment, corner frequency, source radius, stress drop and moment tensor using synthetic events created within elastodynamic numerical modelling software, WAVE3D. The main objective is to determine whether the source parameters calculated from the recorded waveforms are due to a combination of the stope source and the pillar sources, rather than being related only to crushing of the pillar or shearing in the pillar footwall. The main finding is that the presence of stopes, and types of pillars, have a significant impact on the seismic moment and other source parameters. This is important since the moment is viewed as a robust parameter on which seismic magnitude is often based; however, this study indicates that moments calculated for pillar failure in a tabular stoping environments are less representative of the shearing or crushing source than originally thought. This article is part of the theme issue 'Fracture dynamics of solid materials: from particles to the globe'.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Mar 2021|