Comparison of Quantitative Mass Spectrometric Methods for Drug Target Identification by Thermal Proteome Profiling

Amy L. George, Frances R. Sidgwick, Jessica E. Watt, Mathew P. Martin, Matthias Trost, José Luis Marín-Rubio, Maria Emilia Dueñas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal proteome profiling (TPP) provides a powerful approach to studying proteome-wide interactions of small therapeutic molecules and their target and off-target proteins, complementing phenotypic-based drug screens. Detecting differences in thermal stability due to target engagement requires high quantitative accuracy and consistent detection. Isobaric tandem mass tags (TMTs) are used to multiplex samples and increase quantification precision in TPP analysis by data-dependent acquisition (DDA). However, advances in data-independent acquisition (DIA) can provide higher sensitivity and protein coverage with reduced costs and sample preparation steps. Herein, we explored the performance of different DIA-based label-free quantification approaches compared to TMT-DDA for thermal shift quantitation. Acute myeloid leukemia cells were treated with losmapimod, a known inhibitor of MAPK14 (p38α). Label-free DIA approaches, and particularly the library-free mode in DIA-NN, were comparable of TMT-DDA in their ability to detect target engagement of losmapimod with MAPK14 and one of its downstream targets, MAPKAPK3. Using DIA for thermal shift quantitation is a cost-effective alternative to labeled quantitation in the TPP pipeline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2629-2640
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

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