Comparison of incremental and constant load tests of inspiratory muscle endurance in COPD

K. Hill, Susan Jenkins, D. Philippe, K.L. Shepherd, D.R. Hillman, P.R. Eastwood

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    Abstract

    The aim of the present study was to determine the relative value of incremental and constant load tests in detecting changes in inspiratory muscle endurance following high-intensity inspiratory muscle training (H-IMT) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.In total, 16 subjects (11 males; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 37.4 +/- 12.5%) underwent H-IMT. In addition, 17 subjects (11 males; FEV1 36.5 +/- 11.5%) underwent sham inspiratory muscle training (S-IMT). Training took place three times a week for 8 weeks. Baseline and post-training measurements were obtained of maximum threshold pressure sustained during an incremental load test (P-th,P-max) and time breathing against a constant load (him). Breathing pattern was unconstrained.H-IMT increased P-th,P-max and t(lim) relative to baseline and to any change seen following S-IMT. The effect size for P-th,P-max was greater than for t(lim). Post-training tests were accompanied by changes in breathing pattern, including decreased duty cycle, which may have served to decrease inspiratory work and thereby contribute to the increase in P-th,P-max and t(lim) in both groups.When assessing inspiratory muscle function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease via tests in which the pattern of breathing is unconstrained, the current authors recommend incremental load tests be used in preference to constant load tests. However, to attribute changes in these tests to improvements in inspiratory muscle endurance, breathing pattern should be controlled.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)479-486
    JournalThe European Respiratory Journal
    Volume30
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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