Comparison of home ambulatory type 2 polysomnography with a portable monitoring device and in-laboratory type 1 polysomnography for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in children

Adelaide Withers, Jennifer Maul, Ellen Rosenheim, Anne O'Donnell, Andrew Wilson, Stephen Stick

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12 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare type 2 polysomnography (T2PSG) to the gold standard type 1 in-laboratory polysomnography (T1PSG) for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children; validate home T2PSG in children with suspected OSA. METHODS: Eighty-one participants (ages 6-18) with suspected OSA had simultaneous T1PSG and T2PSG in the sleep laboratory, 47 participants (ages 5-16) had T1PSG in the sleep laboratory and T2PSG performed at home. Sleep scientists staged and scored polysomnography data, and pediatric sleep physicians assigned a diagnosis of normal or OSA. Participant demographics, polysomnography variables, and diagnoses were compared using chi-square and Fisher's exact tests for nominal variables, t test for continuous variables and Cohen's kappa to assess concordance. RESULTS: Acceptable recordings were obtained for every home T2PSG. When T1PSG and T2PSG were simultaneous, correlation between the number of arousals, respiratory disturbance index, and sleep stages was excellent. T2PSG at home demonstrated less stage 2 sleep, more rapid eye movement sleep, and higher sleep efficiency. Comparison of home T2PSG to T1PSG for diagnosing OSA showed a false-positive rate of 6.6% and false-negative rate of 3% for those performed at home. CONCLUSIONS: T2PSG in the home is feasible with excellent concordance with T1PSG for the purposes of diagnosing OSA in children aged 5-18 years. Home T2PSG may be more representative of a "normal" night for children and could benefit those suspected of having OSA by reducing waiting times for laboratory PSG, improving access to PSG and possibly reducing costs of investigating and treating OSA. CITATION: Withers A, Maul J, Rosenheim E, O'Donnell A, Wilson A, Stick S. Comparison of home ambulatory type 2 polysomnography with a portable monitoring device and in-laboratory type 1 polysomnography for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in children. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(2):393-402.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-402
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

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