This thesis investigates the structural causes of the involvement by Russia and the Middle Eastern states in the two Syrian crises of 1982 and since 2011 from a geopolitical perspective. Developmental approach to geopolitics has been applied to this study. This thesis emphasises that, without the crucial and decisive Soviet/Russian support to the Syrian regime in the two crises in two different geopolitical eras, the Syrian regime would have collapsed. It also shows that Soviet/Russian support has been effective partly because the regime understands Syria's human and physical geography more strategically, and successfully, than the armed opposition.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||13 Jul 2018|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2017|