Comparing computer mediated communication (CMC) and face to face (FTF) communication for the development of Japanese as a foreign language

Aki Kaneko

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Abstract

[Truncated abstract] This study compared task-based synchronous Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) and Face-To-Face communication (FTF) to explore the impact of communication medium and different task types on negotiation of meaning. Thirty-two intermediate learners of Japanese from one tertiary school in Australia were voluntarily recruited. They formed 16 dyads and performed three different types of tasks both in CMC and FTF communication. The three tasks conducted were ‘Spot the differences’, ‘Role play’ and ‘Constructing sentences’ tasks. Three types of data were collected for analyses: computer recording of CMC tasks, tape recording of FTF tasks and a students’ questionnaire that was conducted at the completion of all the tasks. The students’ questionnaire captured their perception of the experience overall. The data were analysed for various aspects of negotiation of meaning and corrective feedback that occurred and the results were compared both by communication medium and by task. The data were also examined for positive and negative aspects of students’ collaboration found in CMC in comparison with that which occurred in the FTF situation, as well as their perception of the experience from the questionnaire. Findings suggest that FTF communication had an advantage over CMC when the two modes were quantitatively compared; more negotiation of meaning occurred, more negotiations were being extended, and negotiations were repaired more successfully at the end of negotiations. Also, the negotiations that occurred were more evenly distributed over different types of problem. Finally, more corrective feedback was incorporated in this mode as well.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
StateUnpublished - 2009

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computer-mediated communication
foreign language
communication
communication medium
questionnaire
sound storage medium
student
role play
dyad
recording
experience
school

Cite this

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title = "Comparing computer mediated communication (CMC) and face to face (FTF) communication for the development of Japanese as a foreign language",
abstract = "[Truncated abstract] This study compared task-based synchronous Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) and Face-To-Face communication (FTF) to explore the impact of communication medium and different task types on negotiation of meaning. Thirty-two intermediate learners of Japanese from one tertiary school in Australia were voluntarily recruited. They formed 16 dyads and performed three different types of tasks both in CMC and FTF communication. The three tasks conducted were ‘Spot the differences’, ‘Role play’ and ‘Constructing sentences’ tasks. Three types of data were collected for analyses: computer recording of CMC tasks, tape recording of FTF tasks and a students’ questionnaire that was conducted at the completion of all the tasks. The students’ questionnaire captured their perception of the experience overall. The data were analysed for various aspects of negotiation of meaning and corrective feedback that occurred and the results were compared both by communication medium and by task. The data were also examined for positive and negative aspects of students’ collaboration found in CMC in comparison with that which occurred in the FTF situation, as well as their perception of the experience from the questionnaire. Findings suggest that FTF communication had an advantage over CMC when the two modes were quantitatively compared; more negotiation of meaning occurred, more negotiations were being extended, and negotiations were repaired more successfully at the end of negotiations. Also, the negotiations that occurred were more evenly distributed over different types of problem. Finally, more corrective feedback was incorporated in this mode as well.",
keywords = "Language and languages, Computer-assisted instruction, Japanese language, Study and teaching, Foreign speakers, Second language acquisition, Communication, Psychological aspects, Interpersonal communication, Programmed instruction, CMC & FTF communication, Negotiation of meaning in CMC, Task based CMC, CMC in Japanese as a foreign language, Corrective feedback in CMC",
author = "Aki Kaneko",
year = "2009",
language = "English",

}

TY - THES

T1 - Comparing computer mediated communication (CMC) and face to face (FTF) communication for the development of Japanese as a foreign language

AU - Kaneko,Aki

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - [Truncated abstract] This study compared task-based synchronous Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) and Face-To-Face communication (FTF) to explore the impact of communication medium and different task types on negotiation of meaning. Thirty-two intermediate learners of Japanese from one tertiary school in Australia were voluntarily recruited. They formed 16 dyads and performed three different types of tasks both in CMC and FTF communication. The three tasks conducted were ‘Spot the differences’, ‘Role play’ and ‘Constructing sentences’ tasks. Three types of data were collected for analyses: computer recording of CMC tasks, tape recording of FTF tasks and a students’ questionnaire that was conducted at the completion of all the tasks. The students’ questionnaire captured their perception of the experience overall. The data were analysed for various aspects of negotiation of meaning and corrective feedback that occurred and the results were compared both by communication medium and by task. The data were also examined for positive and negative aspects of students’ collaboration found in CMC in comparison with that which occurred in the FTF situation, as well as their perception of the experience from the questionnaire. Findings suggest that FTF communication had an advantage over CMC when the two modes were quantitatively compared; more negotiation of meaning occurred, more negotiations were being extended, and negotiations were repaired more successfully at the end of negotiations. Also, the negotiations that occurred were more evenly distributed over different types of problem. Finally, more corrective feedback was incorporated in this mode as well.

AB - [Truncated abstract] This study compared task-based synchronous Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) and Face-To-Face communication (FTF) to explore the impact of communication medium and different task types on negotiation of meaning. Thirty-two intermediate learners of Japanese from one tertiary school in Australia were voluntarily recruited. They formed 16 dyads and performed three different types of tasks both in CMC and FTF communication. The three tasks conducted were ‘Spot the differences’, ‘Role play’ and ‘Constructing sentences’ tasks. Three types of data were collected for analyses: computer recording of CMC tasks, tape recording of FTF tasks and a students’ questionnaire that was conducted at the completion of all the tasks. The students’ questionnaire captured their perception of the experience overall. The data were analysed for various aspects of negotiation of meaning and corrective feedback that occurred and the results were compared both by communication medium and by task. The data were also examined for positive and negative aspects of students’ collaboration found in CMC in comparison with that which occurred in the FTF situation, as well as their perception of the experience from the questionnaire. Findings suggest that FTF communication had an advantage over CMC when the two modes were quantitatively compared; more negotiation of meaning occurred, more negotiations were being extended, and negotiations were repaired more successfully at the end of negotiations. Also, the negotiations that occurred were more evenly distributed over different types of problem. Finally, more corrective feedback was incorporated in this mode as well.

KW - Language and languages

KW - Computer-assisted instruction

KW - Japanese language

KW - Study and teaching

KW - Foreign speakers

KW - Second language acquisition

KW - Communication

KW - Psychological aspects

KW - Interpersonal communication

KW - Programmed instruction

KW - CMC & FTF communication

KW - Negotiation of meaning in CMC

KW - Task based CMC

KW - CMC in Japanese as a foreign language

KW - Corrective feedback in CMC

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -