Weeds are the biggest threat to cropping system sustainability in wheat. Metribuzin is a versatile herbicide for broad-spectrum weed management. Understanding key genes, mechanisms and functional markers are essential to develop higher metribuzin tolerant wheats. We identified Chuan Mai 25 (tolerant) and Ritchie (susceptible) as contrasting genotypes to metribuzin stress through dose-response analyses. Transcriptome sequencing using NovaSeq 6000 RNA-Seq platform identified a total of 77,443 genes; 59,915 known genes and 17,528 novel genes. The functional enrichment analysis at 0 h, 24 h and 60 h herbicide exposure revealed that endogenous increase of metabolic enzymes, light-harvesting chlorophyll proteins, PSII stability factor HCF136 and glucose metabolism conferred metribuzin tolerance. The validation of DEGs using RT-qPCR and QTL mapping confirmed their responsiveness to metribuzin. Transcription factors MYB, AP2-EREBP, ABI3VP1, bHLH, NAC are significantly expressed during metribuzin stress. Transcripts with significant enrichments revealed 114 SSRs for genomic selection. The master regulators provide promising avenues for enhancing metribuzin tolerance.