The viscosity of the binary system ethanol+n-heptane has been measured with a falling-body viscometer for seven compositions as well as for the pure compounds in the temperature range 293.15-353.15 K and up to 100 MPa with an experimental uncertainty of +/- 2%. At 0.1 MPa, the viscosity has been measured with a classical capillary viscometer (Ubbelohde) with an uncertainty of +/- 1%. A total of 208 experimental datapoints are reported. The viscosity behavior of this binary system is interpreted as the results of changes in the free volume, and the breaking or weakening of hydrogen bonds. The excess activation energy for viscous flow of the mixtures is negative with a maximum absolute value of 0.3 kJ mol(-1), indicating a very weakly interacting system. The data of this binary system as well as those recently measured for ethanol + toluene have been used to study the performance of some viscosity models with a physical and theoretical background. The evaluated models are based on the hard-sphere scheme, the concepts of the free-volume and the friction theory, and a model derived from molecular dynamics. In addition to these models, the simple compositional models by Grunberg-Nissan and Katti-Chaudhri have also been applied. Overall a satisfactory representation of the viscosity of these two binary ethanol + C-7 hydrocarbon systems is found for the different models within the considered T, P range taking into account their simplicity. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.