Comparative effect of activated carbon, pressmud and poultry manure on immobilization and concentration of metals in maize (Zea mays) grown on contaminated soil

M.S. Sabir, M.M. Hanafi, Tariq Aziz, H.R. Ahmad, M. Zia-Ur-Rehman, [No Value] Saifullah, G. Murtaza, K.R.R. Hakeem

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    Abstract

    Metal contamination of the soils is a widespread problem and immobilization of metals with organic amendments is one of the differentremediation technologies. We investigated the effect of activated carbon, poultry manure and pressmud on immobilization of nickel, manganese, copper, zinc, iron and lead in the contaminated soil, plant growth and metal concentrations in maize shoots. The amendments were applied to the soil at the rate of 4% on dry weight basis. Amendments significantly (P <0.001) affected shoot dry weight and concentrations ofall metals in maize shoots as compared to the control. The maximum shoot dry weight (4.54 g pot-1) was recorded with pressmud, while it was minimum with the control (2.22 g pot-1). Maize shoots contained theminimum nickel (3.54 mg kg-1) with activated carbon and the minimumconcentrations of manganese (11.02 mg kg-1), zinc (48.06 mg kg-1) and iron (104.66 mg kg-1) were recorded with pressmud. Maize shoots contained the minimum concentrations of copper (25.41 mg kg-1) and lead (53.40 mg kg-1) with poultry manure and control, respectively. Amendments significantly (P <0.001) decreased ammonium bicarbonate-diethylenetriamine penta acetic acid (AB-DTPA) extractable concentrations of metals except lead. Activated carbon treated pots had minimum AB-DTPA extractable concentrations of all the metals except iron and lead. Activated carbon was most effective in immobilization of Ni, Mn, Zn and Cu decreasing AB-DTPA extractable Ni in the soil, while Fe and Pb wasincreased due to application of other amendments. © 2013 Friends Science Publishers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)559-564
    JournalInternational Journal of Agriculture and Biology
    Volume15
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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