Compact binary mergers: R-process kilonovae and ultra-relativistic jets

Nial Rahil Tanvir, Lorenzo Amati, Sarah Antier, Chris Ashall, Cristina Barbarino, Stefano Benetti, Maria Grazia Bernardini, Kornpob Bhirombhakdi, Steven Bloemen, Maria Teresa Botticella, Marica Branchesi, Enzo Brocato, Mattia Bulla, Giacomo Cannizzaro, Michele Cantiello, Enrico Cappellaro, Sylvain Chaty, Ting-Wan Chen, Lise Christensen, Aleksandar CikotaAndrea Cimatti, Riccardo Ciolfi, Christopher Copperwheat, Stefano Covino, Paolo D'Avanzo, Valerio D'Elia, Mauro Dadina, Massimo Dall'Ora, Massimiliano De Pasquale, Massimo Della Valle, Vik Dhillon, Yizhong Fan, Andreas Floers, Morgan Fraser, Andrew S. Fruchter, Lluis Galbany, Christa Gall, Bruce Gendre, Giancarlo Ghirlanda, Andreja Gomboc, Benjamin Paul Gompertz, Santiago Gonzalez-Gaitan, Aniello Grado, Jochen Greiner, Mariusz Gromadzki, Paul J. Groot, Claudia Patricia Gutierrez, Kasper Elm Heintz, Jens Hjorth, Leslie Hunt, Cosimo Inserra, Luca Izzo, Anders Jerkstrand, Zhiping Jin, Peter Gustaaf Jonker, Tuomas Kangas, David Kann, Shiho Kobayashi, Rubina Kotak, Hanindyo Kuncarayakti, Gavin Lamb, Giorgos Leloudas, Andrew James Levan, Joseph Lyman, Mark Magee, Kate Maguire, Elisabetta Maiorano, Daniele Bjorn Malesani, Ilya Mandel, Michela Mapelli, Tom R. Marsh, Seppo Mattila, Andrea Melandri, Bo Milvang-Jensen, Shane Moran, Gijs Nelemans, Jakob Nordin, Paul Thomas O'Brien, Samantha Oates, Francesca Onori, Eliana Palazzi, Albino Perego, Daniel Perley, Elena Pian, Giuliano Pignata, Silvia Piranomonte, Phillip Podsiadlowski, Andrea Possenti, Maria Letizia Pumo, Andrea Rossi, Stephan Rosswog, Rupak Roy, Ruben Salvaterra, Sandra Savaglio, Patricia Schady, Steve Schulze, Stephen J. Smartt, Mathew Smith, Jesper Sollerman, Rhaana L. C. Starling, Danny Steeghs, Giulia Stratta, Mark Sullivan, Gianpiero Tagliaferri, Margherita Talia, Vincenzo Testa, Christina Thoene, Lina Tomasella, Susanna Vergani, Nicholas A. Walton, Darach Watson, Klaas Wiersema, Radek Wojtak, Sheng Yang, Antonio de Ugarte Postigo

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract/Meeting Abstractpeer-review

Abstract

The discovery of a gamma-ray flash and kilonova (KN; aka. macronova), AT2017gfo, associated with the first binary neutron star (BNS) merger detected by aLIGO/AdV, GW170817, heralded the era of GW+EM multi-messenger astronomy. This landmark event confirmed both the association of short GRBs with binary mergers, and that neutron star material can be ejected in sufficient quantities to power a detectable radioactive transient. It opened a new window on several long-standing problems in astrophysics, cosmology and fundamental physics, including the possibility that BNS and NSBH compact binary mergers represent the dominant source of heavy r-process elements in the universe. However, the lack of success in identifying similar events in the O3 run of the gravitational wave detector network so far has highlighted that their rate is low in the nearby universe (e.g. d
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16275
JournalHST Proposal. Cycle 28
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

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